Managing Environmental Impact
Protecting the environment and minimising negative environmental impacts from the Company’s operations are among FPC’s highest priorities.
In its environmental activities, FPC complies with Russian laws, the Environmental Strategy of Russian Railways, and JSC FPC’s standard for Environmental Management System, 1.16.001–2016.
FPC involves investment, capex, and operational resources and initiatives in pursuit of its environmental safety goals.
Regulatory and environmental aspects
- minimising negative environmental impacts from the Company’s operations
- promoting care for health and the environment.
Significant environmental initiatives:
- equipping carriages with environmentally friendly toilet facilities
- purchasing carriages with a central power supply
- installing high-voltage heating points at turnaround and originating stations
- revamping treatment facilities
- installing water recirculation systems to carriage washing facilities
- converting boilers from liquid fuel to gas.
Overall, since the start of its operations, FPC has consistently achieved annual reductions in its environmental impacts:
- production and consumption waste has decreased from 105,000 tonnes to 101,000 tonnes, including by 900 tonnes in 2018
- total used water discharge has decreased from 5.451 million m³ to 3.397 million m³, including by 0.429 million m³ in 2018 (discharge to ground surface or surface water – from 80,800 m³ to 71,700 m³ of wastewater, 59,000 m³ of which meet regulatory clean-up levels)
- water use by structural units has decreased from 9.4 million m³ to 6.5 million m³, including by 0.3 million m³ in 2018
- air emissions decreased from 8,000 tonnes to 5,100 tonnes, including by 200 tonnes in 2018
Operating environmental expenditures
To reduce the man-made impact of passenger services, FPC upgraded its rolling stock and facilities across its branches in 2018.
The Company keeps tracks from becoming polluted while maintaining an adequate level of sanitation at rail infrastructure facilities by only acquiring carriages equipped with environmentally friendly toilet facilities, while old carriages have bio toilets installed during overhauls.
As at the end of 2018, the number of carriages equipped with environmentally friendly toilet facilities totalled 10,565 (about 60% of the total). At the current rate of rolling stock replacement and upgrades, over 90% of carriages will be equipped with bio toilets by 2025.
Air pollution control
In an effort to reduce air pollution, FPC is installing boilers fired with environmentally friendly fuels and installing high-voltage points for heating its passenger carriages at turnaround and originating stations.
- Purchasing carriages with a central power supply:
- a total of 1,014 carriages equipped
- 161 carriages planned for procurement in 2019.
- Installing high-voltage heating points at turnaround and originating stations: RUB 24.56 million
- installed a high-voltage heating point at service yard No. 1 of Nikolaevka station
- upgraded the high-voltage heating point at Kaliningrad station
- set up high-voltage heating columns at Adler station
- built a high-voltage heating facility at Petrozavodsk station.
- Converted boilers from liquid fuel to gas in 2018: RUB 55.5 million
- Saint Petersburg–Moskovsky carriage site (CS)
- Perm passenger carrier depot (PCD).
|Mode of transport||Tonnes per passenger||Kg per passenger|
Sustainable water use
FPC’s annual programmes revamping its water treatment and carriage washing facilities (CWF) reduce the negative impacts of wastewater on the environment and centralised water disposal systems, with initiatives including the installation of water recirculation systems and on-site water treatment facilities.
- Installing water recirculation systems to carriage washing facilities: RUB 183.078 million
- Saratov PCD CWF
- Saint Petersburg–Moskovsky CS.
- Revamped CWF treatment facilities: RUB 51.608 million
- Khabarovsk PCD
- Severobaikalsk CS.
- Upgraded water and sewage networks: RUB 13.677 million
- revamped the year-round water gallery at the Chita CS
- upgraded the cold water supply system at the Kirov PCD
- revamped the public sewer at the train service shop of the Severobaikalsk CS (FEED)
- revamped the building sewage system at the Ufa CS technical passenger station (FEED) with connection to the heat and water supply system.
|Wastewater meeting regulatory clean-up levels (surface wastewater from operating sites)||0.0589||0.0587|
|Contaminated wastewater (hand washing in carriages)||0.012||0.012|
|Sent for treatment (sewage)||3.755||3.326|
Disposal of production and consumption waste
In 2018, production and consumption waste totalling about 100,000 tonnes of various hazard classes was generated across the branches:
- 400 tonnes – disposed of at the Company’s own sites (class 5 waste)
- 100,300 tonnes – transferred to other companies under contracts, including:
- 28,800 tonnes for recycling
- 1,700 tonnes for neutralisation
- 69,900 tonnes for disposal at landfills.
|Disposal at the Company’s sites (hazard class 5)||668||393|
|Transferred to contractors:||100,937||100,346|